A two-story balloon framed house often used studs that long — and they were truly two inches by four inches, and usually oak or poplar. In addition more of the exterior wall can be insulated due to the more efficient framing. Today, finding decent 18-20 foot studs would be a challenge, let alone all the firestopping work required. One drawback to balloon framing was the necessity to install firestops (horizontal boards between studs) at regular spacings. Balloon framing may mean higher maintenance costs in a non-affected environment, with no high-level severe events, as steel and wood eventually creep, and bowing is more susceptible in the long members. What is the difference between elevation and sectional elevation? Aug 12, 2016 - Wood framing: platform framing vs balloon framing Essentially, the exterior walls serve as singular elements that are continuous and thus have less “leaks”. Come join the discussion about tools, projects, builds, styles, scales, reviews, accessories, classifieds, and more! Which is the largest suspension bridge in the world? Advanced – This framing method, also known as Optimum Value Engineering (OVE), is a type of platform framing that makes better use of lumber. What monuments used to look much different in the world? I have been a carpentar wannabe my entire life, unfortunetly it is to late for me to do it full time, (48 years old haha) but I would still like to learn about it and do renovation projects on my new house nights and weekends. In “stick” framing, each level is setup on top of the next. For a better experience, please enable JavaScript in your browser before proceeding. Are glass office partition walls cheaper than bricks? Whereas for the latter, the connections are a major part of the design. Meaning, each level is a basis for the next. Which TMT bars are best for construction of residential houses in India? The posts are nominal 2×4 studs and the beams are double top plates across the tops of those studs. A two-story balloon framed house often used studs that long — and they were truly two inches by four inches, and usually oak or poplar. Post and Beam construction is like finite element analysis, designing to the element. How do they stop water before making a dam? JavaScript is disabled. Thus the vertical studs are as long as there are available, up to the roof or 20′ whichever applies. The longer 2X's really stiffen up the wall. Can we construct a retaining wall without weep holes? Balloon-framing was replaced by platform-framing (today’s building method of choice) when the trees that produced the long studs became scarce. There will be more bolting at the interior of the building. The builder started by laying out the stud spacing on the mudsills. The post and beam also called “stick” framing, is floor by floor construction. VerticalScope Inc., 111 Peter, Suite 901, Toronto, Ontario, M5V 2H1, Canada. Do you know what are the advantages of high rise building? But it's free, so take it for what it's worth to you. Balloon framing leaves out the beams that these days separate the stories of a house. Balloon and Platform Framing. Balloon framing had it's hey day beginning in the 1800's when trees were big and tall and long framing lumber was relatively cheap. however, starting in the 1930's, the combination of more uniform milling techniques, and increasing scarcity of quality length lumber made platform framing much more popular. (My thought is platform) What are some of the advantages and disadvantages to both? :thumbsup: balloon framing was the newest/best thing when it replaced post and beam building. The platform-framed wall, on the other hand, is independent for each floor. Thus, in a major event, the levels can be separated by shifting of the upper and lower planes at different velocities according to the tornado, hurricane, flood, or earthquake movement affecting the levels. What is the role of civil engineers in the mining sector? Which one is the best for RCC concrete, M-sand or river sand? The balloon wall studs extend from the sill of the first story all the way to the top plate or end rafter of the second story. however, starting in the 1930's, the combination of more uniform milling techniques, and increasing scarcity of quality length lumber made platform framing much more popular. If you look around the edges of the 2nd story subfloor or attic subfloor in a balloon frame house, you’d be able drop a penny down to the basement in the stud bay. The main difference between platform and balloon framing is at the floor lines. Balloon Framing is “shielding” the majority of the building from the exterior plane. Made from a straight 1×4 or 2×4, the pattern was cut to the exact stud length, and a notch for the ribbon was cut into one edge. The longer framing members (studs) required for balloon framing - where the studs run from the bottom plate resting on the foundation to the eave of the second or even third story - are generally not economical nor readily available in the quantities and quality needed. Balloon framing goes back to a time when lumber was mostly produced on-site or nearby from local timber. Modern post and beam framing builds the house one story at a time. These are the difference between balloon framing and post & beam construction, Your email address will not be published. balloon framing was the newest/best thing when it replaced post and beam building. Other than that, its all stick framing with all the 2x's pre cut. In the current era, “stick” framing is becoming more conventional, for ease of construction, and to eliminate errors that result in balloon framing from long-term shifts, in the foundations through settlements, etc. How much time does it takes to build an 70,000 sq.ft in India? A pattern for the studs was then prepared. But I have always wondered which is better Balloon or Platform construction. A primary advantage of platform framing over balloon framing in this era is co$t. How long does concrete need to cure in order to reach 90% strength? Without firestops, the channels between the long studs became furnace chimneys in case of a house fire. A forum community dedicated to Do it yourself-ers and home improvement enthusiasts. Your email address will not be published. Floor/ceiling joists rest on the tops of those beams, rather than being nailed into the sides of the balloon studs. Helping You to Do It Yourself! In a balloon frame, the 2nd story subfloor is held up on the edges by a ledger board instead of resting on the top plate in a platform frame. The lumber readily available from the yards is pre-cut to dimensions suited to platform framing. One of the main disadvantages of platform is fire stopping. Before and After Lockdown Photos- Best example to know how air pollution is affecting us? Board lengths of 16–20 feet were common and ready at hand or easy to transport to the building site. What is the difference between continuous supported edge and simply supported edge of a slab. What is the purpose of plastic cones in the formwork tie of a retaining wall? The difference being, the “ballooning” studs are continuous through the floors, and the floor ledger anchors the joists to the wall element. What are some relatively lesser-known temples which have excellent architecture in India? Which are some famous Inspirational Civil Engineers and their achievements? we still do balloon framing on the walls in a room that have large cathedral ceilings. Board lengths of 16–20 feet were common and ready at hand or easy to transport to the building site. Insurance companies really made a push to eliminate balloon framing in the late '50's to '60's, because of the inherent fire spread dangers. Essentially, balloon construction, if more than the length of the longest members, eventually become post & beam constructions. Platform framing is a natural fire stop. It is assembling the smaller parts to establish the whole, and the connections are just fitting elements. That's just my opinion. The exterior sheathing plane can be continuous and uninterrupted. Required fields are marked *. Balloon framing goes back to a time when lumber was mostly produced on-site or nearby from local timber.