He also dedicated the final years of his life to planning for his Parisian home to be transformed into a museum, containing both finished and unfinished work as well as the objects and furniture of his everyday life. Updates? The only influence that really affected Moreau’s development was that of his master, Théodore Chassériau (1819–56), an eclectic painter whose depictions of enigmatic sea goddesses deeply 1884The death of his mother plunges him into the deepest despair. André Breton, the founder of Surrealism, visited the museum as a teenager, and was strongly affected the experience: "My discovery, at the age of sixteen, of the Gustave Moreau museum influenced forever my idea of love... Beauty and love were first revealed to me there through the medium of a few faces, the poses of a few women." 1857-58Second visit to Italy, from October 1857 to 1859. 1836-1840Secondary schooling at the Collège Rollin.Death of his sister Camille aged 13. It is shortly after this that he meets Alexandrine Dureux whom he introduces to drawing. He makes copies of the masters (Michelangelo, Veronese, Raphael, Correggio, etc.). View Gustave Moreau’s artworks on artnet. In 1844 ging hij studeren aan de École des Beaux Arts in Parijs en vanaf 1849 werd hij leerling van Théodore Chassériau, bij wie hij ook woonde. Premium Membership is now 50% off! Biography of Gustave Moreau (1826-1898), painter. The only influence that really affected Moreau’s development was that of his master, Théodore Chassériau (1819–56), an eclectic painter whose depictions of enigmatic sea goddesses deeply impressed his student. He received a number of official honors over the following years, becoming an Officier de la Légion d'Honneur in 1883. 1878 Universal Exhibition in Paris. 1883Becomes an Officier de la Légion d'Honneur. In 1856, Moreau's close friend and mentor Théodore Chassériau died at the young age of 37. This was a key period for Moreau's artistic development, and in 1852 his work was exhibited in the official Salon for the first time. 1849-50He makes copies at the Musée du Louvre and receives several government commissions from the Beaux-Arts. His pupils include Georges Rouault, Henri Matisse, Albert Marquet, Henri Charles Manguin and Edgar Maxence.On Sundays, he receives his pupils at his house, and also invites young artists such as Ary Renan, his first biographer, and George Desvallières. Gustave Moreau spent the early part of his career obsessed with the ideas of Romanticism, believing that art was intended for the presentation of the beautiful as a perfect combination of ideas and form. Learn about the artist and find an in-depth biography, exhibitions, original artworks, the latest news, and sold auction prices. 1890Death of his friend Alexandrine Dureux; deeply affected, he paints Orphée sur la tombe d'Eurydice* [Orpheus at the Tomb of Eurydice] in her memory. His father, an architect, ensured that Moreau received an education in the classics, while his mother, a talented musician, doted on him due to his poor health as a child. Think you know your artists? Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). In 1851, Moreau befriended the painter Théodore Chassériau, who had studied under Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. 1844-1846Gustave Moreau makes frequent visits to the private studio of the Neo-Classicist painter François-Edouard Picot, decorator of public monuments and churches in Paris. He is buried at the cemetery in Montmartre. His father helps him to study for the baccalauréat exam. The pair's relationship is not well-understood, partly because Moreau burned their correspondence upon Dureux's death. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. 1878Universal Exhibition in Paris. Gustave Moreau is taken out of school because of his ill health. 1895Produces the masterpiece of his later career, Jupiter et Sémélé* [Jupiter and Semele] and has the family house at 14 rue de La Rochefoucauld converted so that it can become a museum after his death. During this time, Moreau explored radical new directions for his painting, resulting in a triumphant return to the Salon in 1876 with The Apparition. Moreau returned to Paris in 1859, upon which he met Alexandrine Dureux. Moreau’s art has often been described as decadent. *Works with an asterisk are conserved at the Musée Gustave Moreau, Musée national des arts asiatiques - Guimet, Musée national du Moyen Age - thermes et hôtel de Cluny, Musée national et domaine du château de Pau, Musée d'Archéologie nationale - Domaine national de Saint-Germain-en-Laye, Musée franco-américain du château de Blérancourt, Musée national Clemenceau et De Lattre de Tassigny de Mouilleron-en-Pareds, Musée national Picasso. The sketches are conserved at the Musée Gustave Moreau. Later, at around the age of 18, he studied with François-Édouard Pico, the Neoclassical painter, and prepared for the entrance exam to the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Paris. Moreau gained a place at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in 1846, studying there for three years. Although the movement was primarily concerned with poetry (naming Charles Baudelaire, Stéphane Mallarmé, and Paul Verlaine as the key literary leaders of the movement), the Symbolists adopted Moreau as an artistic figurehead, and Moreau has been associated with literary as well as artistic Symbolism ever since. Gustave Moreau, French Symbolist painter known for his erotic paintings of mythological and religious subjects.